How to Care for and Grow an Avocado Tree Indoors

How to Care for and Grow an Avocado Tree Indoors
How to Care for and Grow an Avocado Tree Indoors | image source: TANICHE

These indoor gardening suggestions and an avocado pit are all you need.

Any plant that is grown from seed requires time and work. But it’s simple and enjoyable to cultivate an avocado tree indoors from a pit. Avocados can be grown from seeds in either soil or water. Both approaches are effective, so you are free to select either one. Here are some tips for getting started as well as the ideal circumstances for producing avocado plants.

Requirements

Avocado trees (Persea americana) are excellent low-maintenance houseplants since they can be grown indoors in any hardiness zone. The tree can grow up to 40 feet tall when cultivated outdoors, but it may take up to 10 years for it to start bearing fruit in its natural environment. So don’t anticipate your plant to grow that large or to produce fruit. Its size will be constrained by the container it is placed in. Instead, consider your indoor avocado tree as a decorative houseplant.

The best way to Sow Avocado Seeds in the Soil

The less common method, planting an avocado seed in soil, is just as successful as cultivating the pit in water. The only drawback to this approach is that you miss seeing the roots grow. However, since the seed is already in the soil, you can skip a step and avoid using toothpicks to support the seed as it emerges from dormancy. (Just remember to water your plants every day at first.) Here is a starting point.

Completely eradicate and clean the pit: To start an avocado plant, the fruit’s seed must first be removed. Fortunately, the avocado seed is large and simple to remove. Without harming the seed, remove the surrounding flesh. Any remaining flesh should be washed off. It’s acceptable if portion of the pit’s dark skin peels off.

Gather the Soil: Avocados thrive on soil that is slightly acidic (pH 6-6.5) and well-drained. Cactus and succulent mixture for indoor containers should be placed in a 6- to 8-inch pot with a drainage hole. This mixture is designed to be loose, rich, and quick-draining for plants like avocados that favor dry soil conditions. Do not overwater the soil; just enough to keep it moist

Set up the Pit: Avocado pits can be round or oblong depending on the cultivar. All pits, regardless of shape, have a top and a bottom. The plant stem will emerge from the top, which is the end that has a slight point to it. The bottom, which is the flatter part, is where the roots will show. It’s crucial to bury the pit’s bottom end into the ground.

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So that only half of the seed is visible above the soil line, gently press the seed’s bottom into the ground. For at least six hours, keep the pot in a room with a temperature of 65 to 85 degrees and bright indirect light.

Water Frequently Until It Sprouts: For the seed to emerge from dormancy, the soil must be moist but not waterlogged. Make sure the soil is still moist every day by checking the plant. The pit may grow after two to eight weeks. You’ll notice the seed beginning to break; this is a typical development stage for avocado seeds. You can adhere to the care instructions listed below once the seed sprouts and roots have developed.

The best way to grow avocado seeds in water

image source: CHRISS_NS

The most common way to grow avocados is by sprouting the seed in water. It’s entertaining to watch the seed’s protracted taproot protrude from the pit, and it gives you comfort to see the seed developing. But ultimately you’ll need to transfer your developing plant to soil. Carry these below points out:

Eradicate and clean the pit: Wash any residual flesh from an avocado after removing the pit. If portion of the brown skin peels off, don’t panic, but be careful not to harm the pit.

Choose the Root End: Depending on the cultivar, the avocado pit will either be oblong or circular. The pit’s top is at its somewhat pointed end, while its bottom is at its flatter end. The bottom, which is the root end, will be submerged in the water.

Prepare the Pit With Toothpicks: Place four toothpicks evenly spaced around the circumference of the avocado seed into the pit at a downward angle. The toothpicks will assist in keeping the top half of the seed (the root end) above water while the bottom half is submerged. The toothpicks must, of course, be long enough to extend outside the glass jar or whatever container you choose to use for rooting.

Set the Seed in the Water: Place the seed over a water-filled vessel or glass. Any water-tight container will work, but transparent glass is ideal since you can see when the roots begin to grow and when you need to add water. Put the jar in a warm, sunny location that receives light for at least six hours each day.

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Change the water when it starts to appear muddy. To stop the growth of mold, bacteria, and fungus, you should replace the water every five to seven days. When the roots and seedlings emerge, the seed will crack. The taproot must always be submerged, so keep the water level at the top.

Put the Rooted Pit in the Ground: For a short while, you can grow your avocado in water, but once there is a visible root system, you must pot it in soil to hasten growth. Put a mixture of succulents and cacti in a container. After that, spread the avocado’s roots out and lightly bury the pit in the ground. Keep the seed’s upper half above the soil line.

Consistently water the plant: Place the pot on a drainage dish and gradually trickle water through the drainage holes until water drains out. Place it in a south- or west-facing window away from the sun. Following the maintenance instructions below, keep watering the plant once it has been established after the soil has dried out.

Favorable conditions for growing avocados

  • Light: Place the tree in a south or west-facing window so it receives at least six hours per day of indirect light to maintain your indoor plant healthy.
  • Temperature and Humidity: The ideal temperature range for avocado growth is between 60 and 85 degrees. In an atmosphere with high humidity, the plant thrives. If your home’s climate is dry, put the plant on a tray with stones and water to assist boost humidity, or use a humidifier.
  • Watering: Avocados prefer high relative humidity, however they do not appreciate muddy ground. Plant them in a soil that drains quickly, and let the soil dry between waterings. The most effective way to water them is to give them a deep soak once a week or as soon as the leaves start to wilt. To remove the water from the soil, use a container with a drainage hole.

  • Fertilizer: Avocados only require an all-purpose fertilizer, such as 10-10-10. Apply as directed every few months, but avoid fertilizing excessively or frequently.
  • Pruning: Pruning back leaves will give the plant a bushy growth habit and assist the stem remain sturdy. Trim the tip and top leaves just above a growth node when the plant is 12 inches tall. This will promote lateral growth that is healthy. You might need to stake the stem as the plant grows to support its weight and prevent it from tipping over or snapping.
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TINOLOADED is an online platform where the founder "Ali Kenneth" shares to you "Garden Care Made Easy" tips which helps you Keep Your Garden Healthy and Beautiful All Year Round. Garden Equipment For Houseplants, Landscaping, etc.

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